Wells Private – Essex

Essex Board of Health


The Board of Health of the Town of Essex and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, acting under Chapter 111, Section 31, of the General Law, as amended, with reference to Chapter 40, Section 54 of said General Laws, has, in the interest of and for the protection of public health, established and adopted the following rules and regulations:



A. The word “well” as used in these regulations shall include any pit, pipe, excavation, casing, drill hole or other private source of water to be used for the purpose of supplying potable water in the Town of Essex.

B. The words “water systems’ as used in these regulations shall include pipes, valves, fittings, tanks, pumps, motors, switches, controls and appurtenances installed or used for the purpose of storage, distribution, filtration, treatment or purification of water for any use whether or not located inside of a building.




A. No well shall be installed until a permit has been issued by the Board of Health.


1. No building permit shall be issued for the construction of a building which necessitates the use of water therein from a well located on the land where the building is to be constructed until a well has been installed and the Board of Health has determined that a safe and adequate supply of potable water is available.

2. Major renovation or repair of existing wells and/or water systems must be approved by the Board of Health before a permit will be issued.


B. The well contractor shall observe reasonable sanitary measures and precautions the performance of his work in order to prevent the pollution or contamination of the well.


1. Newly constructed wells or wells where repair work has been done shall be thoroughly disinfected before being put into use.

2. All abandoned wells shall be tightly sealed by approved methods or filled with clean earth or preferably clay to prevent pollution or the groundwater.

3. There shall be a separate well for each dwelling, and it must be at least 50 feet from any septic tank and at least 100 feet from any leaching facility or cesspool and set back a minimum of 25 feet from all streets.


C. Every well must supply adequate water for the purpose for which it is intended and shall give satisfactory evidence of continuing capability to do so.


1. Before being approved, every well shall be pump tested by the well contractor. The results of the pump test shall be submitted on a form prescribed by the Board of Health and kept as a public record.

2. In cases of new construction, the Board of Health will require the submission of a water analysis report, to include a bacterial and chemical evaluation by a laboratory approved by the Board of Health or the Massachusetts Department of Public Health before the issuance of a building permit.


a. When the Board of Health requires the treatment of a water supply, a permit will be issued conditionally requiring an appropriate treatment facility to be installed and tested prior to a final approval of the water system.




A. There shall be a separate water system for each dwelling, and it shall not be installed or materially altered hereafter until a permit has been issued by the Board of Health. The Board will require a description of the installation with each application for such permit. Emergency work for repairs or service of existing equipment not amounting to a substantial renovation or overhaul may be done without a permit.


1. The water pipe from the house to the well pit or pitless adapter and all wiring therefor shall be properly enclosed by a pipe or copper tubing, to lighter than Type L or otherwise equal.

2. All pumps, motors and tanks shall be placed on a suitable foundation, and all equipment and parts of the system that may require adjustments or services shall be made readily accessible.

3. All pump house, pump or pipe pits and wells shall be designed and constructed so as to prevent flooding and otherwise to prevent he entrance of pollutants or contaminants.


B. The Board of Health shall require the installation of all necessary switches, controls and devices, and the satisfactory performance of a pressure and operating test of the system will deliver adequate pressure and volume consistent with the well and the well requirements. The Board of Health must be given reasonable notice of when the installation is ready for inspection.


C. No certificate of occupancy shall be issued until all the provisions of these regulations have been met. The required inspections and these regulations can not be construed as a guarantee by the Town of Essex, or it’s agents, that the water system will function satisfactorily.




A. Any person who shall violate any provisions of these regulations for which a penalty is not otherwise provided in any of the General Laws or The Sanitary Code shall upon conviction be fined not less than $10.00 nor more than $50.00.




A. So far as the Board of Health may provide, each section of these rules and regulations shall be construed as separate to the end that if any section, item, sentence clause or phrase shall be held invalid for any reason, the remainder of these rules and regulations shall continue in full force and effect.


Public Hearing to amend December 2, 1997

Vote to amend December 16, 1997


ATTESTED BY: ___________________________

Sally Soucy , Town Clerk


DATE: ___________________________________